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Infertility and what are it’s causes?

If you’ve been trying for a year and haven’t been able to conceive, you’ve been diagnosed with infertility. If you’re a woman over 35, it indicates you’ve tried for 6 months and haven’t been able to conceive.

Infertility can also be identified in women who are able to conceive but are unable to carry a pregnancy to term.

Primary infertility is a diagnosis given to a woman who has never been able to conceive. Secondary infertility is diagnosed when a woman has had at least one successful pregnancy in the past.

Infertility is a condition that affects both men and women. Men can also be infertile. In truth, both men and women are equally susceptible to infertility issues.

Female infertility accounts for around one-third of infertility cases, according to the Office on Women’s Health, while male infertility accounts for the remaining third.

How to cope with infertility

The other one-third of cases could be due to a mix of male and female infertility, or they could be due to an unknown cause.

What are the causes of Female Infertility?

Infertility in women can be caused by a number of factors that influence or interfere with the biological processes listed below:

  • When the mature egg is released from the ovary, this is called ovulation.
  • When sperm meets egg in the fallopian tube, fertilisation occurs. After passage via the cervix and uterus
  • When a fertilised egg attaches to the lining of the uterus, this is called implantation. It is then placed in the uterus, where it can grow and develop into a baby.

Risk Factors Involved.

The following are some of the risk factors for female infertility:

  • Increase in age.
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Excessive use of alcoholic beverages
  • Being overweight, obese, or underweight in a big way
  • Becoming infected with sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) that can harm one’s reproductive system

Medical Conditions affecting Infertility.

Infertility in women can be caused by a range of medical problems that impact the female reproductive system.

Here are several examples:

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or hormonal imbalances can induce ovulation difficulties.
  • Inflammation of the pelvis (PID)
  • Endometriosis
  • Fibroids in the uterus
  • Ovarian failure at a young age
  • Scars left behind from a previous operation

Causes In Men

In general, concerns with the following are linked to infertility in men:

  • Sperm production that is effective
  • Sperm count, often known as sperm count, is the number of sperm
  • The sperm’s shape
  • The wriggling motion of the sperm as well as the transport of the sperm through the tubes of the male reproductive system is referred to as sperm movement.

Risk Factors Involved.

Men are at risk for infertility for a variety of reasons, including but not limited to:

  • Advancing Age
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Excessive use of alcoholic beverages
  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Toxic exposure includes pesticides, herbicides, and heavy metals.

Male infertility can be caused by a variety of medical issues, including:

  • Ejaculation in reverse
  • The enlargement of the veins around the testicles is known as varicocele.
  • Testicles that haven’t made it all the way down to the scrotum
  • Possessing antibodies that attack and damage your sperm
  • Low testosterone production, for example, can cause a hormonal imbalance.


The fact that you’ve been diagnosed with infertility doesn’t imply your hopes of having a child are over. It may take some time, but many couples who struggle with infertility will be able to have a child in the end. Some will be able to do so on their own, while others will require medical help.

Many factors, including your ages, the cause of infertility, and your personal preferences, will influence the treatment that is suitable for you and your partner. Similarly, several factors can influence whether or not a specific infertility treatment leads to a pregnancy.

Scientist on microscope working on infertility treatment for couple. Infertility, female infertility causes, sterility medical treatment.

A reproductive problem may or may not be treatable in various instances. Your doctor may advise you and your spouse to consider donor sperm or eggs, surrogacy, or adoption, depending on the circumstances.

This Post Has One Comment

  1. Prashant

    Thanks for giving me so crucial information which I was searching for.

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